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When you get your dog, whether as a puppy or an adult, this animal becomes your responsibility. Most domestic dogs can't seem to survive without the assistance of humans, and likewise to food and attention, the dog's health will probably be just about the most important aspects of dog ownership. Always remember that dogs can't seem to show you if they are feeling ill or hurt, and some breeds are extremely stoic (mastiff breeds especially) that they'll not demonstrate that they are having problems until they are extremely ill. It is up to the owner not just to schedule vaccinations and checkups, and also to observe their dog for virtually any deviation from normal behavior, even though slight.
When you have decided upon a dog breed, it is really far better to use a reputable breeder which has a solid reputation. Make sure that you go to the breeder's facility and fulfill the puppy's parents; this will give you a very good sign from the pup's future temperament. I would also recommend reviewing the puppy's pedigree. Although many breeders extol the value of 'line breeding' where cousins and sometimes siblings are bred to one another repeatedly, this can be still inbreeding and will cause genetic problems including hip dysplasia, Von Willebrand disease (a form of hemophilia), Cushing's Disease, and cardiomyopathy. Make sure that the breeder's dogs are as free as possible of genetic problems, and ask to see test results.
The puppy you acquire should have been wormed and received its first vaccinations. Observe the puppies at the kennel - usually the one you would like will probably be sturdy in physical appearance and active. A hyperactive puppy is going to be a hyperactive dog along with a puppy that hides rather than developing to satisfy you is additionally exhibiting abnormal behavior. The mental health from the puppy is every bit as important as the physical, so a pup that comes to invite you without being frantic over it is exhibiting normal, healthy puppy behavior.
Vaccinations against common and high canine diseases are necessary from the time your dog can be a puppy. Vaccinations work by utilizing either attenuated or dead viruses or bacteria to 'train' the defense mechanisms to fight a disease if the dog be exposed to it. Your veterinarian will start to vaccinate your puppy at about six to eight weeks of age, usually beginning which has a 4-way shot that will offer protection against distemper, parvo, hepatitis, and parainfluenza. If you live where leptospirosis is found, your dog will get a 5-way shot.
One from the most serious and dangerous viral diseases is rabies. This can be a disease from the nerves inside the body and affects mental performance, causing hallucinations, headache, and in the end death. It is spread by bite, and will spread from dogs to humans. Rabies vaccinations will prevent the condition and are given, initially, yearly, then every 36 months. If you are concerned with the cumulative effect of rabies vaccine on your own dog, you are able to use a blood test completed to ensure your dog continues to be producing antibodies contrary to the rabies virus.
Checkups on your dog are necessary. A yearly, or twice yearly, checkup doesn't just make sure that your puppy is current on all her or his vaccinations, and often will enable your veterinarian to recognize problems before they become serious. A comprehensive checkup will include complete blood work that will set up a baseline on your dog's liver and kidney functions. Should your puppy get ill later, this will help your veterinarian find out how much deviation has occurred.
A checkup will also allow your veterinarian to check on your puppy's teeth to see if a cleaning or extractions are expected. Plaque buildup on teeth has become related to heart and kidney disease in dogs. You can help to keep the dog's teeth cleaner between checkup by either brushing them, or employing a damp washcloth to clean them regularly.
A healthy dog doesn't just be a nicer companion, and often will also remain your soulmate for a longer period.