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When you get your pet dog, whether like a puppy or an adult, this animal becomes your responsibility. Most domestic dogs cannot survive without the assistance of humans, and in addition to food and attention, the dog's health will likely be probably the most main reasons of dog ownership. Always remember that dogs cannot let you know if they're feeling ill or hurt, and some breeds are so stoic (mastiff breeds especially) that they may not demonstrate that these are in danger until these are extremely ill. It is as much as the dog owner not only to schedule vaccinations and checkups, but also to watch their dog for virtually any deviation from normal behavior, even though slight.
When you have figured out a breed of dog, it's best to utilize a reputable breeder with a solid reputation. Make sure that you check out the breeder's facility and meet the puppy's parents; this will likely supply you with a good indication of the pup's future temperament. I would also recommend overlooking the puppy's pedigree. Although many breeders extol the need for 'line breeding' where cousins and quite often siblings are bred together repeatedly, this really is still inbreeding and may cause genetic problems such as hip dysplasia, Von Willebrand disease (a form of hemophilia), Cushing's Disease, and cardiomyopathy. Make sure that the breeder's dogs are as free as you can of genetic problems, and enquire of to see test results.
The puppy you buy needs to have been wormed and received its first vaccinations. Observe the puppies with the kennel - the one you need will likely be sturdy in appearance and active. A hyperactive puppy is going to be a hyperactive dog and a puppy that hides instead of released to fulfill you can be exhibiting abnormal behavior. The mental health of the puppy is evenly as important as the physical, so a pup that comes to invite you without having to be frantic about it is exhibiting normal, healthy puppy behavior.
Vaccinations against common and heavy canine diseases should be made from the time your pet dog is really a puppy. Vaccinations work by utilizing either attenuated or dead viruses or bacteria to 'train' the immune system to address a condition if your dog be exposed to it. Your veterinarian will quickly vaccinate your pup at about six or eight weeks old, usually beginning with a 4-way shot which will offer protection against distemper, parvo, hepatitis, and parainfluenza. If you live where leptospirosis is found, a puppy will get a 5-way shot.
One of the most serious and dangerous viral diseases is rabies. This is really a disease of the central nervous system and affects mental performance, causing hallucinations, headache, and finally death. It is spread by bite, and may spread from dogs to humans. Rabies vaccinations minimizes the illness and therefore are given, initially, each year, then every 3 years. If you are concerned about the cumulative effect of rabies vaccine on the dog, you'll be able to have a very blood test carried out to ensure your dog is still producing antibodies against the rabies virus.
Checkups to your dog are important. A yearly, or each, checkup won't assure that your dog is current on all her or his vaccinations, and can enable a veterinarian to recognize issues before they become serious. A comprehensive checkup includes complete blood work which will begin a baseline to your dog's liver and kidney functions. Should your dog become ill later, this will likely help your veterinarian find out how much deviation has occurred.
A checkup will also allow a veterinarian to check your dog's teeth to see if a cleaning or extractions are needed. Plaque buildup on teeth may be linked to heart and kidney disease in dogs. You can help to keep the dog's teeth cleaner between checkup by either brushing them, or employing a damp washcloth to clean them regularly.
A healthy dog won't certainly be a more pleasant companion, and can also remain your companion for a longer time.