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When you get a puppy, whether as being a puppy or even an adult, this animal becomes your responsibility. Most domestic dogs can't survive without the assistance of humans, and therefore to food and attention, the dog's health will be just about the most important aspects of dog ownership. Always remember that dogs can't let you know when they are feeling ill or hurt, and several breeds are extremely stoic (mastiff breeds especially) that they'll not show that they may be having problems until they may be extremely ill. It is around the owner not just to schedule vaccinations and checkups, but in addition to see their dog for any deviation from normal behavior, even though slight.
When you have determined a dog breed, it's really best to work with a reputable breeder using a solid reputation. Make sure that you visit the breeder's facility and satisfy the puppy's parents; this will likely supply you with a good sign of the pup's future temperament. I would also recommend reviewing the puppy's pedigree. Although many breeders extol the value of 'line breeding' where cousins and sometimes siblings are bred together repeatedly, this can be still inbreeding and can cause genetic problems such as hip dysplasia, Von Willebrand disease (a sort of hemophilia), Cushing's Disease, and cardiomyopathy. Make sure that the breeder's dogs are as free as is possible of genetic problems, and have to see test results.
The puppy you purchase should have been wormed and received its first vaccinations. Observe the puppies at the kennel - normally the one you want will be sturdy in looks and active. A hyperactive puppy will probably be a hyperactive dog and a puppy that hides instead of coming out to meet you is also exhibiting abnormal behavior. The mental health of the puppy is also as important as the physical, so a pup that comes in the market to invite you in without getting frantic about this is exhibiting normal, healthy puppy behavior.
Vaccinations against common and high canine diseases are important from the time a puppy is often a puppy. Vaccinations work by making use of either attenuated or dead viruses or bacteria to 'train' the disease fighting capability to battle a disease when the dog be exposed to it. Your veterinarian will start to vaccinate a puppy at about 4 to 6 weeks old, usually beginning using a 4-way shot which will offer protection against distemper, parvo, hepatitis, and parainfluenza. If you live where leptospirosis is present, your dog will get a 5-way shot.
One of the most serious and dangerous viral diseases is rabies. This is often a disease of the neurological system and affects your brain, causing hallucinations, headache, and eventually death. It is spread by bite, and can spread from dogs to humans. Rabies vaccinations prevents the condition and they are given, initially, annually, then every several years. If you are worried about the cumulative effect of rabies vaccine on your dog, you are able to have a very blood test carried out to ensure your dog continues to be producing antibodies up against the rabies virus.
Checkups to your dog are essential. A yearly, or twice yearly, checkup doesn't just guaranteeing that your canine is current on all his / her vaccinations, and can enable your veterinarian to spot issues before they become serious. A comprehensive checkup includes complete blood work which will generate a baseline to your dog's liver and kidney functions. Should your canine get sick later, this will likely help your veterinarian find out how much deviation has occurred.
A checkup may also allow your veterinarian to check your canine's teeth to see if a cleaning or extractions are required. Plaque buildup on teeth has been connected to heart and kidney disease in dogs. You can help in keeping the dog's teeth cleaner between checkup by either brushing them, or employing a damp washcloth to clean them regularly.
A healthy dog doesn't just be a more pleasant companion, and can also remain your companion for a longer time.